The evil eye is not a specific demon but a quality that makes human beings demonic.In many cultures people who are thought to have the ability to cast the evil eye are greatly feared and various amulets are worn to protect people from their evil power: Even the Jewish Talmud, compiled between 200 and 500 CE, recommends wearing a little scroll of the priestly blessing from Numbers 6:24-26 around one’s neck as a protection against the evil eye.
In the Bible evil is the sin of envy.the envious person sees the prosperity of others and strikes them with the evil eye.In Jesus’s story about the labourers in the vineyard, those who worked the whole day are envious of those who worked only an hour and received the same pay.The vineyard owner asks them:”is your eye evil [i.e., envious] because I am generous?” ( Matt 20:15). So in Jesus list of the evils that come from the human heart, the evil eye is often translated as “envy” (see Mark 7:22).But while those who have too little are prone to envy, there is a corresponding affliction in those who have much. What they have is never enough, so the evil eye in them is greed and miserliness. The law warns the people not to be greedy (to have an evil eye) in their actions toward the poor in the sabbatical year when they are supposed to forgive all debts (Deut 15:9). If they are stingy and neglect to do this, God will hear the cry of the poor and punish the greedy. Tobit gives a similar warning to his son Tobiah: “Give alms from your possessions and do not let your eye begrudge the gift when you make it” (Tob 4:7, 16).
The Book of Proverbs even warns against eating with an evil-eyed person; his stinginess will make the food indigestible (Prov 23:6-8). Such people are so greedy that they are stingy with themselves, not only refusing to give to their neighbors but also neglecting themselves (Sir 14:8-10).This effect of the evil eye is described as devouring one’s own flesh. When the people are attacked and besieged by their enemies, even the most refined among them will devour their own children and will have an evil eye against their surviving loved ones, snatching even this horrible food away from them (Deut 28:54-56). The evil eye is truly demonic!
St Basil, a fourth-century doctor of the Church, wrote a homily against the evil eye of envy and greed. He declares that demons use this evil eye for their own purposes. He warns that envy, not only of someone’s wealth but even of the wisdom and virtues of others, is demonic. The cure for this is to become honorable ourselves: doing good, a with justice, enduring with patience. The acquisition of n virtue is Basil’s defense against the evil eye.
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